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Sound Writing

Subsection 8.3.18 Citing a Graphic Novel

This image shows the front and back of a graphic novel with labels on elements needed for a citation. In the upper left corner of the front cover is text that reads "Watchmen, No. 1" with a blue label that reads "Title and volume no." Below the title is a green and black logo with the letters "DC," with a purple label that reads "Publisher." At the bottom of the page below the title is the text "September 1986," with a green label that reads "Date of publication." On the back cover, medium sized text in the middle of the page reads "Alan Moore Dave Gibbons" with a red label that reads "Authors." Under the authors in small text are the words "Published monthly and copyright © 1986 DC Comics Inc. 666 Fifth Ave. New York NY 10103" with a dark red label that reads "Location of publication."

Subsubsection APA

Author 1 Last Name, Initials, & Author 2 Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title of work. Publisher.

Moore, A., & Gibbons, D., (1986). Watchmen, No. 1. DC Comics.

In-text: (Moore & Gibbons, 1986, p. 1)

Subsubsection Chicago

Author 1 Last Name, First Name, and Author 2 First Name Last Name. Title of work, vol. number. (Publisher: Date of publication), page range.

Gibbons, Dave, and Alan Moore. Watchmen, No. 1. (DC Comics: September, 1986), 24–27.


First appearance. 43  Nonconsecutive appearances. 44 
For more information about how to insert footnotes, see Subsection 12.1.2.

Subsubsection MLA

Main author Last Name, First Name, abbreviated role. Title of work. Art by other contributor’s First Name Last Name. Publisher, Year.

Moore, Alan, writer. Watchmen, No. 1. Art by Dave Gibbons. DC Comics, 1986.

Note: With graphic novels when the art and the writing are by different people, you should cite the contributor first whose work is the focus of your analysis, as in
Gibbons, Dave, artist. Watchmen, No. 1. Writing by Alan Moore. DC Comics, 1986.
In-text: (Moore 1)
Gibbons, Dave, and Alan Moore. Watchmen, No. 1. (DC Comics: September, 1986), 24–27.
Gibbons and Moore, Watchmen, 24–27.